Senior Dog Nutrition

Do You Know What Food is Best for Your Senior Pet?

Don’t Make These Assumptions when Switching To a Senior Pet Food

Look out for these Senior Pet Myths

Now that your pet has reached the age of 7 – he or she is considered to be a senior.

Pets don’t magically age overnight and suddenly develop old age illnesses around a special age. Over the years we’ve seen many active and healthy 12 year old pets that check out clinically better than some of their 5 year old counterparts.

Animals are as unique and individual as we are and there are no hard and fast rules for determining when we should be changing their diet to accommodate the ageing process.

The only person qualified to recommend dietary changes for your pet is your vet (who is well versed in nutrition) based on both a clinical examination and a diagnostic profile of your pet’s inner health.

The one size fits all approach to Senior Pet Food Formulas

Ask anyone about advice on which brand of pet food is best for your dog or cat and they will generally ask your pet’s age. If your pet is 7 or over, you’ll most likely be steered towards a senior formulation without critical knowledge of your pets current health status.

This recommendation is based on the assumption that all senior pets suffer from conditions A, B and C – which is wrong.

Worse still this person most likely has no qualifications in animal nutrition and what little knowledge they do have comes courtesy of the pet food manufacturer alone. This is not unbiased nutritional advice.

While we agree that there are one or more disorders generally associated with ageing, it is not wise to assume that all pets have them at a given age.

Senior Pets Need More Fibre, Less Calories and Less Protein in Their Diet

While it is true that as pets age they may become less mobile, watching their daily calorie intake does becomes important. Obesity in pets of any age is a major problem and can lead to a whole range of degenerative diseases.Senior Dog Nutrition

If you notice your pet becoming a littles less active then the first thing that needs to be addressed is pain. It stands to reason that if your pet is suffering from painful joints or arthritis – they will slow down because it hurts them to be active. Ask your vet for a pain assessment of your pet first.

Don’t assume that switching to a senior pet food will magically solve this problem. Have your pet properly checked out by your vet before making this assumption and manage any underlying pain or other health conditions first.

Protein

It used to be thought that too much protein had a detrimental effect on ageing kidneys so many senior diets are formulated on this premis. Current knowledge actually suggests that senior pets need more protein for cells that are being replaced at a rate faster than for younger dogs .For this quality “Highly digestible” proteins are needed. As a pet ages, the efficiency of the GI system decreases so it stands to reason that the type of proteins included in the diet must be easily assimilated in order to provide the necessary nutrition.

Good sources of highly digestible proteins include eggs and muscle meats. Not to be confused with less digestible cereal proteins.

Fibre

Fibre is often touted as a nutritional benefit which can be misleading if it claims to contribute to quality protein content. Most often is just an inexpensive filler ingredient. Corn and wheat are not suitable ingedients in a healthy species appropriate dog or cat food diet – at any age.

Get Educated

The best way to determine what natural and commercial foods are best for pet is to do your own research based on your vet’s recommendations for your senior pet’s unique requirements. Maybe you’ll discover that what you have been feeding up until now is totally appropriate and there’s no need to change.

Organise a Senior Check for Your Pet Today.

It’s worth it!

Itchy Skin in dogs

Does Your Pet Have Itchy Skin or An Irritable Bowel?

Why Food Allergies and Food Sensitivity are Two Different Animals

Confusing Food allergies and Food Sensitivities (or intolerances) is a common mistake.

And Yes – even vets can often confuse the two.

A food allergy causes immediate and violent reactions in the body. A typical example of this would be an anaphylactic shock caused by peanuts. As soon as the person or animal comnes in contact with the allergen (peanuts) – the body reacts – their airway closes and they can’t breathe. The antigen triggers an immediate and sometimes life – threatening immunological and physiological reaction.

Rashes, hives and swollen eyes are examples of less severe allergic (Type I hypersensitivity) reactions.

“It is a fact that True Food allergies are actually quite rare”

Food Sensitivities on the other hand are far more common.

So if Fido is scratching incessantly or has chronic bowel problems, he’s probably suffering from a Food Sensitivity rather than a Food Allergy.

Food Sensitivity (Intolerance)

Itchy Skin in dogs

This is typically a chronic (ongoing) condition and often does not involve a immunological response. It generally builds up over time – perhaps even months or years of exposure to a specific food and can affect dogs and cats of all ages and breeds.

One of our recent patients was diagnosed with a Food Intolerance to both Chicken and Rice. Her poor owner was feeding this because for most skin and bowel problems – this is generally a good diet. Unfortunately for “Cindy” – this was exactly the wrong one – for her.

Food sensitivity is caused by Types II and III hypersensitivity reactions.They show up in saliva or faeces as antibodies to immunogloblins A IgA) and M (IgM). By detecting IgA and IgM antibodies, food sensitivity testing is able to clearly identify the specific food(s) causing the sensitivity.

It can also differentiate between food sensitivity and Food allergy.

Food sensitivities are generally not Life threatening but they can affect many aspects of your dog’s well being.

Common signs of food sensitivity include:

  • GI tract issues similar to Irritable Bowel Disorder IBD)
  • Chronic scratching, Itchy skin
  • Chronic burping and rumbly tummy
  • Chronic skin, ear and foot infections – especially with yeast.

The first step in providing the proper relief to pets with food sensitivities is to accurately identify the offending ingredients.

With the proper information you can begin feeding your dog a diet that agrees with her body to help restore her health and vitality.

Can You Test For Food Sensitivity?

Yes – there is a test available to find out whether your dog or cat has a food sensitivity. It is a saliva test so it’s totally non invasive and easy to perform.

We’ll write more about this test in a future blog but in the meantime – if you want to find out more about testing your dog or cat for a food sensitivity – please give us a call.

Good Dog Treats

How Much is too Much for Not so Good Pet Treats

Are Pet Treats Really Worth the Money?

There’s no doubt we love our pets and want to spoil them with the occasional special treats, just like we do for ourselves from time to time. But although we might spend 30 plus dollars per kg on a superior cut of meat or other gourmet delicacy for ourselves, we’d probably never consider forking out that amount for our pets.

Or would we!

Well that’s the interesting thing. Finding myself in the pet aisle of one of the big supermarkets while actually looking for an unrelated product; I couldn’t help but be attracted to the dedicated “Pet Treats” section showcasing what seemed to be an infinite selection of irresistibly packaged delicacies covered with cute pictures of cats and dogs.

Other shoppers in the aisle must have also had the same thought as they started picking some of the goodies off the hooks and adding them to their trolley as they wandered through. Clearly lots of people love to spoil their pets!

While each of these may seem cheap (prices ranging from $3.50 – $7.00) per packet the real prices and value may surprise you.

One item costing $3.51 for a 96g pack of popular treats translates to a whopping $36.56/kg for a combination of Meat and meat by products, vegetable protein, sugar, salt, preservatives, non artificial colours and flavours and antioxidants. It’s labelled “Australian Made” – not product of Australia so the ingredients could come from anywhere!Good Dog Treats

Product 2 priced at $6.49 for a 150g pack of treats translates to a staggering $43.26/kg and for that you get a combination of whole wheat flour, chicken liver puree, canola oil, honey mixed tocopherols and Calcium proprionate. It’s also labelled Australian Made – so the origins of the ingredients remain unknown.

Compare these with human grade rump steak which you can get from the same place for around $18.00/kg!

Then there’s the rawhide chew ( a very cheap by product of the tanning industry) where you’ll pay $3.99 for 80g. That’s $49.88/kg for something which could be laced with all kinds of dangerous preservatives. For around $50 per kg you get a combination of very “cheap quality” ingredients namely: rawhide, grounded rawhide, starch, rice, Potassium Sorbate, colours and flavours!

Scary Hey?

Admittedly there are some which come in at a lower price: for example some “Mini Treats” where you pay $1.95 for 200g pack but that’s still $9.75/kg.

Then there’s the “Cookies” which contain no meat products (just a combination of wheat flour, margarine, sugar, vitamins, minerals, carob, rolled oats, milk solids, wholegrain flaxseed, egg, glycerine, wheat starch, sodium bicarbonate, natural flavour) – priced at $3.29 for 400g pack i.e. $8.22/kg.

Want to pay more?

Then go for an upmarket brand, with relatively wholesome ingredients (kangaroo meat and by product meal, rye flour, flaxseed meal, emulsifiers, binders, soya flour, sucrose, natural preservatives, chia seeds, DHA/EPA vitamins and minerals, salt, MSM, natural flavour, colour, zinc sulphate, biotin) wher you’ll pay $7.15 for 140g – (on special mind you) which means $51.07/kg – far pricier than any premium eye fillet:yet you’d never dream of buying that for your dog.

Tip: – read the ingredients and compare value with fresh homemade alternatives. In many cases the packaging is worth more than what’s inside: yet you’re paying a premium price.

At least with drying or freezing human grade meats you avoid any nasty preservatives and your dog will love them even more. Best of all you save money in the process.

We’ve heard of many people investing in a dehydrator and making their own meat jerky. With so many cheap but quality meats available why wouldn’t you. You can also freeze small morsels of fresh meat or cook them on a tray – The possibilities are endless.

Just Google home made treats for pets and you’ll soon discover lots of healthy economical alternatives to packaged treats.

Or – choose appropriate raw meaty bones to provide both nutrition and enjoyment for your dog.

Bones for Dogs

Can I Give my Dog a Bone?

Oh Yes – Your Dog is a Carnivore

This means that back in the days before domestication – a dog’s dinner consisted of whatever animal they managed to hunt down and kill. So – dinner was made up of raw meat, raw bones, skin, organs, intestines and whatever was inside the stomach at the time.

Can I feed my Dog Bones?

Now, while our pet dogs no longer have to hunt for their food each day, it doesn’t mean their dietary needs or digestive processes have changed in any significant way.

Dogs still thrive on a meat based diet which of course does include the occasional meaty raw bone. Tearing the fresh meat off a bone bit by bit still gives your dogs enormous pleasure and can keep them happily occupied for hours.

Basic Dog feeding Guide

  • Provide variety in your dog’s diet to include the staple of a good quality dry kibble, fresh (human grade) raw meats and vegetables.
  • Avoid pet mince as this may contain dangerous preservatives
  • Feed the occasional raw, meaty bone

Choosing the right bones for your dogBone for Dogs

The purpose of giving your dog a bone is to provide these specific benefits:

  1. Nutrition – i.e. fresh meat
  2. Dental care – it’s the action of tearing the meat from the bone which provides the dental benefits. Not the chewing on the bone itself.

Feed raw, meaty bones only and choose a size that’s appropriate for your dog. Bones should be large enough so that they’re not swallowed whole to provide their full benefits. Lamb flaps, necks, shanks, ribs, chicken wings and frames and soft beef ribs are all good choices. Avoid chop bones as they have pointy ends and can be swallowed whole.

Too many bones can lead to constipation so offer raw meaty bones to your dog only 2 – 3 times a week.

Never feed your dog cooked bones as these can splinter and cause internal damage.

Don’t buy the large beef marrow bones. A bare, hard bone provides no nutritional benefits and their hard surface can actually do more harm than good to your dog’s teeth.

Sadly many people fear giving their dogs bones of any kind in the misbelief that all bones are bad for dogs.

Instead they choose commercially produced “substitute treats” such as rawhide chews and the like. Apart from providing no nutritional value, many of these are preserved with dangerous chemicals which again do more harm than good.

And as far as the risk of bones causing problems from our point of view, we’re seen very little evidence from over 23 years in practice. Those bones which have caused problems are most often those which have been cooked – or they were fed too often thereby causing impaction.

So yes, by choosing your dog’s bones sensibly, they are a valuable and natural addition to your dog’s diet.

‘Tis the Season for Indulging – and Pancreatitis

How to avoid Pancreatitis in your dog this Christmas

Christmas is a time for gift giving and general indulgence of all kinds of delicious foods and drinks but as vets, we know this is also a common time for visits to emergency centres for dogs suffering the nasty and painful condition – pancreatitis.

What is Pancreatitis?

Pancreatitis is a condition which causes inflammation and swelling of the pancreas and can occur in both mild and severe forms.

The pancreas is a small organ located near the stomach which produces both insulin (to control blood sugar levels) and digestive enzymes which enable proper absorption of food. When this organ becomes inflamed, it causes leakage of the digestive enzymes whereby it literally starts to digest itself. This causes enormous pain to your dog and can be life threatening – especially in an acute (sudden onset) attack

The actual causes of pancreatitis are not well known and it is thought that many different factors can contribute to the onset of the disease including genetic predisposition, dogs on specific medications, bacterial or viral infections, hormonal imbalances and dogs with limited fat metabolising abilities.

Symptoms of pancreatitis can also vary from mild tummy upsets, loss of appetite, depression, intermittent vomiting and diarrhoea to severe vomiting and a painful abdomen.

Both sudden onset or low level chronic (developing over time) pancreatitis need immediate treatment so if you notice any of the tell tale symptoms – head to your vet as quickly as possible.

While not all the symptoms listed may be indicative of pancreatitis, it is still wise to have your dog examined by your vet just in case.

How is Pancreatitis Diagnosed?

In order to diagnose pancreatitis, your vet will use a combination of the following:

  • A detailed history from you to include any sudden changes in diet and medications
  • A physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • X-Rays – to rule out foreign body obstructions or blockages
  • Ultrasound – to examine the state of specific internal organs

How is Pancreatitis treated?

Because there is no actual cure for pancreatitis, all treatment is supportive only to enable healing. If your dog is diagnosed with pancreatitis, be prepared for at least a few days of hospitalisation and relevant medical treatment.

How to avoid causing Pancreatitis

The best way to avoid pancreatitis is not to give any fatty foods to your dog. This includes fatty meat leftovers, bacon, cream and other dairy products and rich meat gravies and sauces. Lean meats and vegetables are O.K.

Naturally, you’d like your dog to enjoy some of the delicious festive fare so just feed small amounts of the safer foods as a treat and do make sure the rest of the family is informed and plays by the same rules.

Wishing you all a safe and “vet free” Christmas and New Year.

Why Pumpkin is Good for Dogs and Cats

Top Health Benefits of Pumpkin for Pets

Did you know that cooked pumpkin can actually be good for your Dog and Cat? This remarkable vegetable is a cost effective source of many a good nutrient to help keep your pet in good health and tip top shape.

Weight Loss

Pumpkin is low in calories so if your dog or cat needs to shed a kilo or two, replacing some of your pet’s kibble or canned meal with some cooked, mashed pumpkin. It will fill their tummy without adding to their waistline. Most dogs like the taste of pumpkin so acceptace shouldn’t be too much of a problem. Cats on the other hand, are fussier eaters, so you may need to mix in the small amount of pumpkin with their canned food to avoid them eating around it.

Full of Healthy Goodness

Pumpkin is loaded with essential nutrients such as Vitamins A,C and E as well as the B – complex group – Niacin, Folates, Vitamin B6 Thiamine and pantothenic acid. Its also rich in mineral like Calcium, Phosphorous, Potassium and Copper.

Digestive Upsets

Pumpkin is.a natural source of fibre. Cooked and mashed pumpking with no added salt can help settle down an upset stomach , improve digestion, reduce anal gland problems, prevent hairball build up and help both dogs and cats with constipation and diarrhoea.

Try cooking up a batch of pumpkin puree and freezing in individual portions which you can add to your pet’s meal on a daily basis. A tablespoon or two (depending on your pet’s size) is all you’ll need on a regular basis for maintaining digestive health. There’s no need to add any salt or flavourings as these are both unhealthy additives plus the pumpkin has a natural sweet flavour anyway which most dogs like.

Home Cooked Dog Food? Yes You Can

Home Cooking for Your Dog

Apart from being a fun thing to do, supplementing your dog’s commercially prepared diet with some home cooking can really help keep him in tip top shape.

It never ceases to astound us how many people are too afraid to feed their cat or dog anything other than something that comes in a bag or can.

Now don’t get us wrong here. We’re not saying don’t feed your dog or cat a commercially prepared diet. Dry and canned pet foods are a great staple, given our hectic and time poor lifestyles and there are certainly some quality poducts out there to choose from. However, they are what they are – processed and mass produced.

Imagine feeding your family only processed fare day in day out. You wouldn’t do it would you? Plus, how boring would it be? We’re all encouraged to eat fresh and add variety and when it comes to our pets, don’t forget. they love fresh foods and variety too. So why not try your hand at cooking up some nutritious meals for them when you have the time.

Getting Started

The best place to start is by reading up on ingredients that can be safely included in your pet’s diet because there’s some truth to the fact that some foods that are good for us are not good for them. These include but are not limited to:

  • Onions
  • Garlic – too much
  • Chocolate
  • Avocados
  • Grapes and raisins
  • Sugar and artificial sweeteneres such as Xylitol
  • Macadamia Nuts
  • Processed smallgoods such as hams, salami etc

Staples such as Rice, Barley and Oats are fine to add to a home cooked casserole as are vegetables such as carrots, peas, pumpkin, celery, beans, zucchini and leafy greens such as spinach, silverbeet and salad greens.

While all vegetables are good for us, there’s some doubt about the suitability of the nightshade variety such as potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants and capsicums and the cruciferous group which include broccoli, brussel sprouts, cauliflower and cabbage. Some argue that once cooked, vegetables from this group are fine however it’s best to avoid these just to be safe.

You might find that your dog will pick out the bits of the casserole she likes and leave out some of the veggies. This can happen when they’re first introduced to home cooked dinners after being accustomed to dry or canned food. The easiest thing to do is mash them all up before adding to the meat and grain mix.

Don’t forget to include some good quality meat to the mix. Meat is the ideal protein source for dogs and should form the basis of each home prepared meal.

For pets with medical problems which require special diets, always seek the right nutritional advice from your vet before embarking on creating your own special delights for them.

Want to become a Canine Culinary Wiz?

Canine and Feline nutrition is a really hot topic these days so we suggest you do some research of your own (from reputable sites) or check out a bookstore and grab a book or two for ideas to get you started. My personal favourite site for books of course is Amazon because you can often take a peek at the contents and read readers’ reviews.

Don’t be afraid to experiment either. Use recipe ideas and add your own special ingredients or twist to an existing one. Cooking for dogs can be fun and if my own crowd is something to go by – you’ll never be short of volunteer critics eager to try what’s come out of the pot or oven.

If you’re already a seasoned dog food cook, we’d love to hear your ideas and recipes tips.

Please feel free to share them with us and our facebook friends.

Post Surgery Nutritional Support

How to Help Your Pet Heal Faster after Surgery

As vets we always make sure our post surgery patients are sent home with instructions on how to make them as comfortable as possible during the recovery period.

Usually this includes providing the appropriate pain medications, wound aftercare instructions, exercise recommendations and of course, lots of TLC.

But what also should be on this list and is often overlooked is the important role nutrition plays in the post surgery recovery process.

It’s a fact that all surgery causes stress to the body and the more major the operation is, the bigger the trauma inflicted on the tissues involved.

Soon after the surgery, the body is looking for the building blocks needed to repair the damage and make new tissue. All this building activity is managed through complex biochemical processes which take up a lot of energy so it makes good sense that the body will need more than the ‘normal’ nutrition to make this happen.

Research shows that the body heals faster after surgery if provided with extra nutrition. The most important nutrients needed for tissue repair and rebuilding are Protein and Fat.Feeding Your Dog After Surgery

With this in mind, a maintenence diet is not the best choice at this time. Look for a food which has both a higher fat and protein content and if in doubt about a commercially prepared pet food – make your own.

An excellent source of easily digestible protein and fat of course is the humble egg. Depending on your dog’s weight you can easily supplement the diet by adding an egg or two on a daily basis for a couple of weeks post surgery.

Adding some Omega 3 and 6 Fatty Acids can also be beneficial to help support the immune system, fight infection, reduce inflammation and promote tissue repair.

What if my Pet won’t eat?

All this nutritional advice however, won’t help of course if your dog – or cat won’t eat. Most often, this is a natural reponse to pain or discomfort. That’s why it’s critical your pet is provided with appropriate pain medication throughout the recovery period and has a comfortable place to rest.

The fact remains, the nutrition is needed and you’ll need to do whatever it takes to make him or her – eat.

Try warming up the food to release the aromas, cooked chicken, Tuna (for cats) Cat food, home cooked meals – or add some gravy to the mix.

Anything is better than not eating.

However, is all your attempts at coaxing your pet aren’t working, please check back in again with your vet to make sure there’s nothing else going on which could be affecting your pet’s appetite.

Dog and Cat Food Allergies. What’s the Culprit?

What is a Cat or Dog Food Allergy?

A food allergy is an adverse immunological response to a specific ingredient in your pet’s food. Tell tale symptoms usually include patches of reddened itchy skin – particularly around the belly and groin area, under the armpits, smelly ears and skin and in a percentage of cases, bowel irritations.

Food allergies can develop at any time and can affect pets of all ages and breeds, even if your pet has eaten the same foods for years without any adverse reactions.

How is a Food Allergy Diagnosed?

There is a test available that can differentiate between a food sensitivity and a food allergy in dogs and cats. The only other way to find out whether your dog is reacting to an ingredient in their food is to conduct a food elimination trial.

People often assume that the offending allergen (allergy causing ingredient) has to be a grain such as corn or wheat but this isn’t always true. It can also be it a reaction to a specific protein found in meats such as chicken or beef.

Will Switching Pet Food Brands Help?

No. Simply switching from one pet food brand to another won’t work as they often share common ingredients. For example – if your pet becomes allergic to the specific protein found in chicken then any food brands containing chicken must be avoided.

Also – labels on commercially prepared foods can be confusing. Products could contain offending allergens which may not be clearly indicated on the product packaging.

How Does a Food elimination Trial Work?

A food elimination diet involve feeding your pet food which contains only ONE meat protein and a single carbohydrate source which your pet has not been previously exposed to.

Less common meat proteins found in commercially prepared pet foods include Duck, Fish, Rabbit and sometimes Lamb. Similarly, the carbohydrate should also be new to your pet’s diet and could include carbs like peas, brown rice or potato. Of course all artificial preservatives, colourings and flavourings must also be avoided during a food elimination trial.

This means strictly – no commercial treats or flavoured medications such as heartworm or worming chews are to be given during the trial period.

You can prepare your pet’s own special diet at home using select ingredients or buy a commercial diet which is specifically formulated for this purpose.

How long Does a Food Trial Last?

Food trials are generally run over an 8 – 12 week period during which time all other potential allergens must be avoided.

If your pet’s symptoms settle down over the course of the food trial then it’s most likely that it is a specific allergen in her food which is causing the adverse symptoms.

After the symptoms have settled you can try to slowly add ONE additional ingredient to the diet at a time and observe whether your pet reacts to it. If the symptoms reappear then it’s clear that this is an offending allergen. If not, we can assume it’s safe to be included in the diet.

This process is then repeated if you wish to test the tolerance of other meat proteins and grains. But remember – introduce just ONE of these at a time.

Can Cats get Food Allergies?

Yes cats can also develop food allergies with skin lesions most commonly appearing on their face although other parts of the body can also be affected.

What Should I do if I Think my Pet has a Food Allergy?

The first thing to do is have your pet examined by your vet to rule out possible other causes of your pet’s symptoms. It’s always important to avoid jumping to conclusions about any symptoms your pet may have as many conditions can share similar observable clinical signs.

Is Your Cat a Tuna Junkie?

Beware of Tuna Addiction

Next time you’re at the supermarket, take a look at the range of cats food and see which flavour combinations dominate. I’ll bet it’ll be some sort of seafood or similar combination. That’s because cats love the taste of fish, particularly its strong, seductive smell and pet food manufacturers know this.

Luckily however, most fish flavoured cat foods are never 100% tuna because they’re usually mixed with other nutrients a cat needs so these products are OK.

It’s the Human Grade Tuna fed to cats that can cause problems.

Some cats will literally go crazy over the smell of a freshly opened can of fish – especially tuna.

But there’s a real danger in feeding too much of it. And that’s because it’s highly addictive and once hooked, your cat may start refusing all other foods. We call these cats “Tuna Junkies”

Secondly, feeding your cat too much tuna can cause a serious Vitamin E deficiency which can lead to a dangerous condition called “Steatitis” or “Yellow Fat” disease (Pansteatitis).

This is usually a result of feeding a diet too high in unsaturated Fatty Acids and deficient in Vitamin E. Oily fish, especially Red Tuna can be the cause of this.

Steatitis is a painful disease where the fat in the cat’s body becomes inflamed and may actually harden. Tuna is also high in in minerals which can cause bladder stones.

What are the symptoms of Steatitis?

  • Your cat shows pain when touched or handledTuna for Cats Danger
  • Reluctance to move
  • Loss of appetite
  • Greasy, dull coat and flaky skin

If left untreated, steatitis can cause death.

Avoiding the problem

Limit feeding Human Grade Tuna and fresh uncooked fish to special occasions only.

If you have a cat that may be heading down the dangerous path of becoming a Tuna Junkie – eliminate all fish from its diet immediately and find a suitable alternative. I know this may be hard because cats can be fussy eaters however, you must find a way to reverse this addiction.

Tip: If it helps, you may want to try pouring a little Tuna Water (brine from canned tuna) over another cat food flavour to coax your cat to eat it then reduce this over time until it’s no longer needed.

We sometimes use this method on very sick cats in hospital that refuse to eat and it has helped.