Why Should My Pet Receive IV Fluids During Surgery?
Giving your pet intravenous fluids during surgery is done for very good reasons and is included in almost every surgery we perform.
These electrolyte solutions are infused directly into your pet’s bloodstream via an iv catheter placed in the vein just like they do in human hospitals. This iv catheter is also used to deliver other important drugs such as pain medications, antibiotics and emergency drugs if needed.
Once you find out the important functions these fluids perform you’ll understand why they are not an option you can decline if you’re booking your pet’s surgery with us.
💧Fluids help maintain Blood Pressure
One of the side effects of sedative drugs is that they can cause a drop in blood pressure due to the relaxation effect on the blood vessels and heart. Fluids help maintain blood pressure at optimum levels to ensure that nutrients such as Oxygen continue to flow through the body and reach vital organs that need them.
If your pet’s blood pressure drops below critical levels it can cause severe damage to vital organs such as the brain and kidneys. If left unchecked it can also cause death.
💧Fluids help maintain Body Temperature
Anaesthesia drugs also affect body temperature. By using warmed iv fluids we can help keep your pet’s core body temperature at safe levels,
💧Fluids keep your pet hydrated
Pets need to be fasted before surgery to prevent vomiting while under anaesthesia. This means they are already dehydrated before we even start surgery. Fluids help keep your pet optimally hydrated and reduce nausea afterwards..
Some surgical procedures result in blood loss which needs replacing. And depending on the procedure, this can be quite significant. By giving fluids we are counteracting this loss and maintaining healthy hydration.
💧Fluids flush out Anaesthetic Toxins
Anaesthesia Drugs have very powerful effects on the body otherwise they wouldn’t be able to put your pet into a state where he/she feels no pain.
While they are extremely necessary to remain in the body for the duration of the surgery, once the surgery is over we want them removed as quickly as possible from the system to avoid causing any damage to vital organs. Your pet’s kidneys are the main organs responsible for processing these drugs and removing them from the body and fluids help them do this.
Without the support of fluids it places a heavy burden on the kidneys thereby risking damaging them. We don’t want that to happen!
Our goals for anaesthesia and surgery is to make your pet’s surgery as safe as possible and IV fluid therapy is an essential part to maintaining that.
We know however that some clinics still have this as an option you can choose to include or decline but we hope this information helps to make a good case for why you should never decline fluids when given the choice.
This means when you’re asked “ Do you want your pet to receive IV fluids for the procedure?” Don’t forget to tick that box and say YES.✅